When you sustain trauma to your face or jaw, dental damage can occur. The extent of damage can range anywhere from a minor chip to a severe fracture. In some cases, teeth can even be knocked out. Our doctors at Georgia Microendodontics in Marietta, GA can promptly treat these issues should they occur.
When to Visit a Dentist
Anytime you experience a fall, accident, or other mishap that results in dental damage, you should schedule a consultation with your dentist right away. Even seemingly minor damage can lead to more significant problems. Prompt treatment reduces the risk of further issues and gives you the best chance to preserve your smile.
Types of Traumatic Dental Injuries
There are several different types of traumatic dental injuries, from mile to severe. We’ll explore these in more detail in the sections below.
Cracked or Fractured Teeth
Cracks in the teeth often begin at the crown and extend down the tooth. If the crack extends into the pulp, you will need root canal treatment to save the tooth. This treatment can be quite complex, so an endodontic specialist is your best option.
If not treated, the crack can progress to a split tooth. Unfortunately, treatment for a split tooth usually involves extraction.
This type of fracture runs the entire length of the tooth, from the root to the crown. Your doctor may be able to save the tooth. However, in many cases, extraction is the only viable option. Oftentimes, individuals with root fractures do not experience any symptoms.
With a luxated tooth, the force from trauma has pushed it out of its normal position. The force can push the tooth sideways, out of, or into its socket. While the tooth can sometimes be repositioned and stabilized, root canal treatment is typically necessary to restore full health and function.
Avulsed – or knocked-out teeth – require immediate treatment. For the best chance of survival, the tooth should be placed back in the empty socket within 30 minutes. If you can, locate the tooth and rinse it off. Avoid touching the roots. If placing the tooth back in its socket is not possible, then store it in a container of milk or saline until you can get to our office.
Your endodontist may place an oral splint to hold the tooth in the proper position. Depending on several factors, a follow-up root canal may be necessary.
Traumatic Dental Injuries in Children
When a tooth is still growing and developing, the base of the tooth root, called the apex, is open. This can allow bacteria to enter structures inside the tooth. An open apex also presents a challenge for root canal treatment, as there is nothing at the base to contain the filling.
When the apex is open, your endodontist will need to perform an apexification procedure. Usually completed at the same time as root canal therapy, apexification utilizes special materials to provide an artificial plug at the base of the tooth.
Schedule a Consultation
Tooth survival and long-term oral health depend on several factors, including the extent of injury, how long it took to receive treatment, and the type of care you received. An endodontic specialist can provide the high-quality care you need following a traumatic dental injury.
If you are looking for an endodontist in Marietta, GA, contact Georgia Microendodontics today. Our team is available to answer any questions and schedule your consultation appointment.